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Eleanor Roosevelt: Topic Page
Wife of Franklin D. Roosevelt. A symbol of American liberalism in the mid-20th century, Roosevelt was an important actor in the shaping of the modern Democratic Party and the American welfare state.
Tennessee Williams: Topic Page
From 1945, with his first success, The Glass Menagerie, Tennessee Williams has had a deep impact on the American theatre.
Chuck Berry: Topic Page
Musician, born in St Louis, Missouri, USA. As a singer-guitarist who drew from blues, rockabilly, and country-and-western styles, and wrote songs about teenage concerns, he was the biggest influence on pre-Beatles rock.
Elvis Presley: Topic Page
Popular singer and film actor, born in Tupelo, Mississippi, USA.
Marilyn Monroe: Topic Page
Flashing across the American scene like a comet, Marilyn Monroe employed her beauty and sexuality to become one of the most popular figures in America during the 1950s and through succeeding decades.
Robert F. Kennedy: Topic Page
1925-68, American politician, U.S. Attorney General (1961-64), b. Brookline, Mass., younger brother of President John F. Kennedy and son of Joseph P. Kennedy.
Leonard Bernstein: Topic Page
Conductor and composer, born in Lawrence, Massachusetts, USA.
Hillary Rodham Clinton: Topic Page
US lawyer, Democrat senator from 2001, former first lady 1993–2001, and secretary of state from January 2009.
Gloria Steinem (1934 - ): Topic Page
A leading figure in the second wave of U.S. feminism.
Al Gore, Jr. (1948 - ): Topic Page
US Democratic politician and environmentalist, vice-president 1993-2001.
Condoleeza Rice (1954 - ): Topic Page
US politician, national security advisor 2001-04 and secretary of state 2005-09.
War on Terror: Topic Page
US-led international campaign against terrorist organizations, declared in response to the terrorist attacks on New York City and Washington, DC, on September 11th, 2001 that killed around 3,000 people MORE
Recession: Topic Page
In economics, phase of the business cycle associated with a declining economy; Its manifestations are rising unemployment, contracting business activity, and decreasing purchasing power of consumers. Government policy, such as cuts in government spending or taxes, may be used to stimulate and expand the economy during a recession. If a recession is not checked, it can degenerate into a depression.
Movements, Issues, and Systems
Vietnam War protest movements: Topic Page
Demonstrations, marches, and acts of civil disobedience in protest to US involvement in the Vietnam War (1954–75), beginning around 1965. Anti-war sentiment arose from the question of the morality of participation in what many regarded as a civil war; the growing human and environmental costs; and doubts that the US war effort would succeed
Civil Rights Movement: Topic Page
US movement especially active during the 1950s and 60s that aimed to end segregation and discrimination against blacks, as well as affirm their constitutional rights and improve their status in society.
Term Limits: Topic Page
Statutory limitations placed on the number of terms officeholders may serve; Focusing especially on members of the U.S. Congress, term limits became an important national political issue during the late 1980s and early 90s and have been vigorously debated.
McCarthyism: Topic Page
Period of political persecution during the 1950s, led by US senator Joe McCarthy, during which many public officials and private citizens were accused of being communists or communist sympathizers.
Disarmament: Topic Page
Reduction of a country's weapons of war.
Gay Rights Movement: Topic Page
A movement to secure civil rights for homosexuals and lesbians.
Feminism (Third Wave): LibGuide
From Feminist Philosophies A-Z
Third wave feminism embraces the contradictions that are generated by taking a pluralistic approach to the critical analysis of western culture, oppression, masculinity, femininity.
World War I: Topic Page
War between the Central European Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and allies) on one side and the Triple Entente (Britain and the British Empire, France, and Russia) and their allies, including the USA (which entered in 1917), on the other side.
Teapot Dome: Topic Page
Oil reserve scandal that began during the administration of President Harding.
Wall Street Crash: Topic Page
The New York Stock Exchange in 1929, where panic-selling of shares after a prolonged period of speculation brought about a worldwide economic crisis.
The Great Depression: Topic Page
The severe economic crisis supposedly precipitated by the U.S. stock-market crash of 1929; Although it shared the basic characteristics of other such crises (see depression), the Great Depression was unprecedented in its length and in the wholesale poverty and tragedy it inflicted on society.
US Pacific naval base on Oahu island, Hawaii, USA, the scene of a Japanese aerial attack on 7 December 1941, which brought the USA into World War II.
World War II: Topic Page
War between Germany, Italy, and Japan (the Axis powers) on one side, and Britain, the Commonwealth, France, the USA, the USSR, and China (the Allies) on the other.
Manhattan Project: Topic Page
The wartime effort to design and build the first nuclear weapons (atomic bombs). With the discovery of fission in 1939, it became clear to scientists that certain radioactive materials could be used to make a bomb of unprecented power.
Cold War: Topic Page
Ideological, political, and economic tensions from 1945 to 1989 between the USSR and Eastern Europe on the one hand and the USA and Western Europe on the other.
Korean War: Topic Page
War from 1950 to 1953 between North Korea (supported by China) and South Korea, aided by the United Nations (the troops were mainly US).
Vietnam War: Topic Page
War from 1954 to 1975 between communist North Vietnam and US-backed South Vietnam, in which North Vietnam aimed to conquer South Vietnam and unite the country as a communist state. North Vietnam was supported by communist rebels from South Vietnam, the Vietcong.
Vietnam War Protests: Topic Page
Demonstrations, marches, and acts of civil disobedience in protest to US involvement in the Vietnam War (1954-75), beginning around 1965.
Pentagon Papers: Topic Page
Government study of U.S. involvement in Southeast Asia. Commissioned by Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara in June, 1967, the 47-volume, top secret study covered the period from World War II to May, 1968.
Brown v. Board of Education: Topic Page
Case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1954; Linda Brown was denied admission to her local elementary school in Topeka because she was black.
Civil Rights Act of 1964: Topic Page
US legislation that outlawed discrimination on the grounds of a person's colour, race, national origin, religion, or sex.
Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence: Topic Page
A research programme, originally managed by NASA’s Ames Research Center, aimed at using large radio telescopes to detect artificially generated radio signals coming from interstellar space.
Watergate Affair, 1972-1974: Topic Page
Watergate refers to the political scandal that broke in 1972 and forced Richard M. Nixon to resign the presidency two years later.
Roe v. Wade: Topic Page
Case decided in 1973 by the U.S. Supreme Court. Along with Doe v. Bolton, this decision legalized abortion in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Iran Hostage Crisis: Topic Page
Events following the seizure of the American embassy in Tehran by Iranian students on Nov. 4, 1979; The overthrow of Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlevi of Iran by an Islamic revolutionary government earlier in the year had led to a steady deterioration in Iran-U.S. relations.
Iran-Contra Affair: Topic Page
Secret arrangement in the 1980s to provide funds to the Nicaraguan contra rebels from profits gained by selling arms to Iran; The Iran-contra affair was the product of two separate initiatives during the administration of President Ronald Reagan.
Gulf War: Topic Page
War 16 January-28 February 1991 between Iraq and a coalition of 28 nations led by the USA; The invasion and annexation of Kuwait by Iraq on 2 August 1990 provoked a build-up of US troops in Saudi Arabia, eventually totaling over 500,000.
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