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Aztec: Topic Page
Indian people dominating central Mexico at the time of the Spanish conquest. Their language belonged to the Nahuatlan subfamily of Uto-Aztecan languages.
Inca: Topic Page
Pre-Columbian empire, W South America. The name Inca may specifically refer to the emperor, but is generally used to mean the empire or the people.
Maya: Topic Page
Mesoamerica, Maya civilization extended throughout southern mexico and northern Central America.
From Environmental History and Global Change: A Dictionary of Environmental History
Civilization on coast of Peru which flourished between AD100 and AD800.
Olmec: Topic Page
Term denoting the culture of ancient Mexican natives inhabiting the tropical coastal plain of the contemporary states of Veracruz and Tabasco, between 1300 and 400 B.C.
Toltec: Topic Page
Member of an ancient American Indian people who ruled much of Mexico and Central America in the 10th-12th centuries, with their capital and religious centre at Tula or Tollán, northeast of Mexico City.
Zapotec: Topic Page
Indigenous people of Mexico, primarily in S Oaxaca and on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec.
Chichén Itzá Site: Topic Page
Toltec city situated among the Maya city-states of the Yucatán peninsula, Mexico. Built on the site of an earlier Maya settlement, the city was at its height from around AD 980 to 1220 (the Classic and Post-Classic periods), after Toltec peoples from central Mexico settled here.
From The Columbia Encyclopedia
Ruined city of the Maya, W Honduras, in a small river valley of the same name. Copán is noted for its fine sculptured stele and majestic architecture.
Machu Picchu: Topic Page
Inca site in Peru, about 50 mi (80 km) NW of Cuzco. It is perched high upon a rock in a narrow saddle between two sharp mountain peaks.
From The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia
Town in the north of the state of Chiapas in southern Mexico, 150 km/93 mi southeast of Villahermosa; population (2005) 37,300. A few kilometres from the city are the ruins of a series of Maya temples dating from about the 4th century AD.
Teotihuacán: Topic Page
Ancient commercial and religious center in the central valley of Mexico. The largest (c.7 sq mi/18.1 sq km) and most impressive urban site of ancient America.
From Britannica Concise Encyclopedia
Ancient Maya city, northern Guatemala. First occupied as a small village in a tropical rainforest (c. 900–300 bc), it grew into an important ceremonial centre.
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